Millions of people worldwide suffer a continuous loss of hair or alopecia. Sometimes such loss is premature; however, it can also be generated by genetic factors or derived by stress, traumas, diseases, food deficit, medical treatments or even injuries, among others.
Medical treatments are applied to stop or to slow down the loss of hair and to improve its quality. The surgical treatment option consists in transplantation of hair follicular units.
Our specialists in the Dermatology Advanced Hair Clinic, CapMédica, apply state-of-the-art techniques for individualized diagnosis in order to determine the causes of alopecia and recommend the best course of treatment.
CapMédica will offer a hair transplant in cases where hair is missing in an area where it existed before, provided that the hair cannot grow back naturally or by applying medical treatment.
In hair transplantation, nape hair is transplanted to the damaged area; this is due to the fact that the hair on the nape has the same characteristics as the hair in the other areas, while being genetically resistant to falling out, and because it is more durable.
Both techniques apply the same implantation method and require the same ability of the surgeon to perform the implantation. They differ concerning the way in which the hair is removed from the donor area.
In the FUT technique, a large number of follicular units is obtained from a very small area of the head.
FUT Technique (Follicular Unit Transplantation) for hair transplantation
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) is a technique with which small sections called follicular units (FU) are transplanted from the back of the head, where the hair is strong, into areas where the hair has become thinner and less dense.
These units consist of hair which are naturally grouped together. This is the main difference to other methods where the transplant results in a doll hair look as less dense area of hair are transplanted.
Particularly suitable patients for this technique are those with a high degree of alopecia at a very advanced stage whose hair of the donor area are longer than 0.5 cm.
With the FUE technique, the surgeon can obtain multiple grafts without having to create a linear scar.
FUE Technique (Follicular Unit Extraction) for hair transplantation
Another transplant technique that CapMédica applies, is the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique. It is a technique that has gained more fame during the last ten years, especially in profiles of active men, athletes and who like to wear short hair.
The FUE technique is indicated in patients who wish to wear their hair short in the donor area
With this technique, the surgeon can obtain multiple grafts without having to create a linear scar, which is a great advantage. The FUE technique is particularly suitable for patients who want to wear their hair short – less than 0.5cm long – in the donor area; without the risk of a potentially visible scar.
In addition, just over a week after the FUE is completed, the microscars are undetectable and the patient can resume his or her normal sports activities. Another advantage of this technique is that postoperative discomfort in the donor area is minimized and the sutures in this area do not have to be removed.
Both techniques use tumescent anesthesia in the donor area with the aim of having the graft area at a safe distance from major nerves and blood vessels in the area, minimizing the risk of bleeding and postoperative discomfort.
The surgeon aims at creating a natural, aesthetic look in the patient
During the implementation process, the artistic skill of the surgeon is tested with every incision, as it seeks to create a natural aesthetic look in the patient. To this end, CapMédica uses postoperative methods, for instance growth elements in platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which facilitate tissue repair.
Throughout the process, CapMédica specialists give great importance to personal attention and detail, providing a comprehensive monitoring of the design of the transplant, the FUE and its implementation, being aware that detail is the key to successful surgery.
Grafts are never cut or implanted hastlily
The surgery team is of great importance; their task is to separate the follicular units, observe the quality of the grafts and prevent possible causes of decreased survival, such as drying or transection of the grafts. Care in the whole process is comprehensive; grafts are under no circumstances cut or implanted quickly.
In CapMédica it is considered that an optimum result of a hair transplant will be shown in the patient’s hair density, a good look and natural aging.